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Titanium and Titanium Alloy Specimen Preparation

Metallographic etchant database

Titanium alloys are very useful because they have a good strength to weight ratio. This makes them idea for use in areas ranging from areospace to sports equipment. Preparation of titanium and titanium alloys is fairly straight forward by conventional metallographic techniques.


MAXCUT Abrasive blade (Cat. No. MAX-C or MAX-I series)

Compression Mounting with Phenolic, Epoxy or Diallyl Phthalate compression mounting resins




Force/ sample



240 grit SiC paper
360 grit SiC paper
600 grit SiC paper
800 grit SiC paper
1200 grit SiC paper


5-10 lbs

200/200 rpm

Until plane
1 minute
1 minute
1 minute
1 minute

6 um DIAMAT diamond on TEXPAN polishing pad

DIALUBE Purple Extender

5-10 lbs

200/200 rpm

3 minutes

1 um DIAMAT diamond on GOLDPAD polishing pad

DIALUBE Purple Extender

5-10 lbs

200/200 rpm

2 minutes

0.05 um Nanometer alumina on ATLANTIS polishing pad


5-10 lbs

100/100 rpm

1 minute

Metallographic micrograph of Titanium Ti6Al4V alloy

Ti6Al4V titanium alloy, 400X (DIC), etched

Cast titanium microsctructure
Cast Titanium, 200X (BF), Etchant Kroll’s Reagent.
Wrought titanium microstructure

Wrought Titanium, 200X (BF), Etchant Ammonium Bifluoride.

Alpha-rich wrought titanium microstructure
Alpha-rich Case Wrought Titanium, 200X (BF).
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