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PACE Technologies metallographic polycrystalline diamond consumables

Metallographic Polycrystalline Diamond Polishing Information

Selection Guidelines ] Recommended Procedures ] Trouble Shooting ] Product Description ]


Introduction

Polycrystalline diamond as compared to synthetic and natural monocrystalline diamond provides better surface finishes and higher removal rates for metallographic specimen preparation. The features and advantages of polycrystalline diamond include the following:
  • Higher cutting rates
  • Very uniform surface finish
  • More uniform particle size distribution
  • Higher removal rates (self sharpening abrasives)
  • Harder/tougher particles
  • Blocky shaped
  • Hexagonal microcrystallites (equally hard in all directions)
  • Extremely rough surface (more cutting points)
  • Surface area 300% greater than monocrystalline diamond
  • No abrasion-resistant directionality (abrasion independent of particle orientation)

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PACE Technologies metallographic polycrystalline diamond consumables

Diamond Abrasive Selection Guidelines

Metal
Coarse SiC Fine Grinding, SiC Rough Polishing (Diamond) Final Polishing (oxide)
Abrsive size
180
240
320,400,
600
800
1200
9 um
6 um
3 um
1 um
Al2O3
SiO2
Aluminum
                     
Copper/
brass
                     
Stainless steel
                     
Soft steel
                     
Hard steel
                     
Tool steel
                     
Titanium
                     
Zinc, tin, lead
                     


Ceramic/ Composite
Coarse Grind
Fine Grind
Rough Polish
Fine Polish
Diamond size
30 um
15 um
9 um
6 um
3 um
1um + SiO2
Alumina
           
Silicon nitride
           
Polymer composite
           
Metal matrix composite
           
Ceramic matrix composite
           
Cermet
           

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PACE Technologies metallographic polycrystalline diamond consumables

Recommended Application of Polycrystalline Diamond

  • The most efficient application of polycrystalline diamond is to initially apply several beads of diamond and/or extender for initial pad wetting. Note that saturation of the pad is not required nor recommended. Additional dispensing is generally dripped onto the surface at a rate of 1-2 drops every 10-15 seconds depending upon the polishing speed and surface area of the samples
  • For mineral and ceramic specimen preparation it is recommended that diamond and colloidal silica (SIAMAT colloidal silica) be alternately dispensed. This provides a chemomechanical polishing (CMP) action which significantly increases removal rates, reduces subsurface damage and improves surface finish. This techniques is useful for 6 micron and smaller polycrystalline diamond. For this application it is best to clean the cloth and samples for the last 15 seconds of the cycle by running water on the polishing pad surface.

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PACE Technologies metallographic polycrystalline diamond consumables

Trouble Shooting Guide for Polycrystalline Diamond

Symptom

Cause

Action

Agglomerated diamond

  • Pre-mixing diamond suspension with colloidal silica
  • Bacterial growth in diamond suspension
  • Alternate dispensing of diamond and colloidal silica
  • Replace diamond
  • Coarse scratches

  • Contaminated pad
  • Improper selection of polishing pad
  • Replace polishing pad
  • Review polishing pad selection guide-line or use a softer polishing pad

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    PACE Technologies metallographic polycrystalline diamond consumables

    Polycrystalline Diamond Product Description

    Polycrystalline Diamond Suspensions (water-based)

    Description

    Quantity

    Low Viscosity

    High Viscosity

    Product Image

    0.05 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-0105-250
    GPC-0105-500
    GPC-0105-1GL

    PC-0105-250
    PC-0105-500
    PC-0105-1GH

    PACE Technologies 0.005 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    0.1 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-0110-250
    GPC-0110-500
    GPC-0110-1GL

    PC-0110-250
    PC-0110-500
    PC-0110-1GH

    PACE Technologies 0.01 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    0.25 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-0125-250
    GPC-0125-500
    GPC-0125-1GL

    PC-0125-250
    PC-0125-500
    PC-0125-1GH

    PACE Technologies 0.25 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    0.5 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-0150-250
    GPC-0150-500
    GPC-0150-1GL

    PC-0150-250
    PC-0150-500
    PC-0150-1GH

    PACE Technologies 0.50 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    1 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-1001-250
    GPC-1001-500
    GPC-1001-1GL

    PC-1001-250
    PC-1001-500
    PC-1001-1GH

    PACE Technologies 1 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    3 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-1003-250
    GPC-1003-500
    GPC-1003-1GL

    PC-1003-250
    PC-1003-500
    PC-1003-1GH

    PACE Technologies 3 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    6 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-1006-250
    GPC-1006-500
    GPC-1006-1GL

    PC-1006-250
    PC-1006-500
    PC-1006-1GH

    PACE Technologies 6 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    9 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-1009-250
    GPC-1009-500
    GPC-1009-1GL

    PC-1009-250
    PC-1009-500
    PC-1009-1GH

    PACE Technologies 9 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    15 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-1015-250
    GPC-1015-500
    GPC-1015-1GL

    PC-1015-250
    PC-1015-500
    PC-1015-1GH

    PACE Technologies 15 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    30 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-1030-250
    GPC-1030-500
    GPC-1030-1GL

    PC-1030-250
    PC-1030-500
    PC-1030-1GH

    PACE Technologies 30 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    45 micron DIAMAT Polycrystalline diamond

    250 ml
    500 ml
    1 gallon

    GPC-1045-250
    GPC-1045-500
    GPC-1045-1GL

    PC-1045-250
    PC-1045-500
    PC-1045-1GH

    PACE Technologies 45 micron polycrystalline diamond suspension

    PACE Technologies metallographic polycrystalline diamond consumables

    Polycrystalline Diamond Suspension - Dyed

    Description

    Quantity

    Catalog Number

    Product Image

    1 micron (blue) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 liter

    PC-1001-1L

    Metallographic 1 micron dyed polycrystalline diamond diamond suspension

    1 micron (blue) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 gallon

    PC-1001-1GLB

    3 micron (green) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 liter

    PC-1003-1L

    Metallographic 3 micron dyed polycrystalline diamond diamond suspension

    3 micron (green) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 gallon

    PC-1003-1GLG

    6 micron (yellow) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 liter

    PC-1006-1L

    Metallographic 6 micron dyed polycrystalline diamond diamond suspension

    6 micron (yellow) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 gallonr

    PC-1006-1GLY

    9 micron (red) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 liter

    PC-1009-1L

    Metallographic 9 micron dyed polycrystalline diamond diamond suspension

    9 micron (red) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 gallon

    PC-1009-1GLR

    15 micron (brown) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 liter

    PC-1015-1L

    Metallographic 15 micron dyed polycrystalline diamond diamond suspension

    15 micron (brown) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 gallon

    PC-1015-1GLBR

    30 micron (orange) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 liter

    PC-1030-1L

    Metallographic 30 micron dyed polycrystalline diamond diamond suspension

    30 micron (orange) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 gallon

    PC-1030-1GLO

    45 micron (purple) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 liter

    PC-1045-1L

    Metallographic 45 micron dyed polycrystalline diamond diamond suspension

    45 micron (purple) DIAMAT PC Diamond Suspension

    1 gallon

    PC-1045-1GLP

    PACE Technologies metallographic polycrystalline diamond consumables

    Polycrystalline Diamond Paste

    Description

    Quantity

    Catalog Number

    Product Images

    DIAMAT Polycrystalline
    diamond paste (0.1-micron)

    5 gm
    20 gm

    PC-0210-05
    PC-0210-20

    PACE Technologies Metallographic 0.10 micron polycrystalline diamond paste

    DIAMAT Polycrystalline
    diamond paste (0.25-micron)

    5 gm
    20 gm

    PC-0225-05
    PC-0225-20

    PACE Technologies Metallographic 0.25 micron polycrystalline diamond paste

    DIAMAT Polycrystalline
    diamond paste (0.50-micron)

    5 gm
    20 gm

    PC-0250-05
    PC-0250-20

    PACE Technologies Metallographic 0.50 micron polycrystalline diamond paste

    DIAMAT Polycrystalline
    diamond paste (1-micron)

    5 gm
    20 gm

    PC-2001-05
    PC-2001-20

    PACE Technologies Metallographic 1 micron polycrystalline diamond paste

    DIAMAT Polycrystalline
    diamond paste (3-micron)

    5 gm
    20 gm

    PC-2003-05
    PC-2003-20

    PACE Technologies Metallographic 3 micron polycrystalline diamond paste

    DIAMAT Polycrystalline
    diamond paste (6-micron)

    5 gm
    20 gm

    PC-2006-05
    PC-2006-20

    PACE Technologies Metallographic 6 micron polycrystalline diamond paste

    DIAMAT Polycrystalline
    diamond paste (9-micron)

    5 gm
    20 gm

    PC-2009-05
    PC-2009-20

    PACE Technologies Metallographic 9 micron polycrystalline diamond paste

    DIAMAT Polycrystalline
    diamond paste (15-micron)

    5 gm
    20 gm

    PC-2015-05
    PC-2015-20

    PACE Technologies Metallographic 15 micron polycrystalline diamond paste

    DIAMAT Polycrystalline
    diamond paste (30-micron)

    5 gm
    20 gm

    PC-2030-05
    PC-2030-20

    PACE Technologies Metallographic 30 micron polycrystalline diamond paste

    DIAMAT Polycrystalline
    diamond paste (45-micron)

    5 gm
    20 gm

    PC-2045-05
    PC-2045-20

    PACE Technologies Metallographic 45 micron polycrystalline diamond paste

    PACE Technologies metallographic polycrystalline diamond consumables

    Diamond Extenders (lubricants)

    Description

    Quantity

    Catalog Number

     

    DIALUBE diamond extender

    16 oz (0.125l)
    32 oz (0.24l)
    1 gallon (3.8l)

    DL-3000-16
    DL-3000-32
    DL-3000-128

    Metallographic diamond polishing lubricants

    DIALUBE Blue Alcohol lubricant

    16 oz (0.125l)
    32 oz (0.24l)
    1 gallon (3.8l)

    AOD-3000-16
    AOD-3000-32
    AOD-3000-128

    DIALUBE Purple Alcohol lubricant

    16 oz (0.125l)
    32 oz (0.24l)
    1 gallon (3.8l)

    ADL-3000-16
    ADL-3000-32
    ADL-3000-128

    POLYLUBE non-aqueous diamond extender

    16 oz (0.125l)
    32 oz (0.24l)
    1 gallon (3.8l)

    PDL-3000-16
    PDL-3000-32
    PDL-3000-128

    POLYLUBE red (anti-corrosion) lube

    16 oz (0.125l)
    32 oz (0.24l)
    1 gallon (3.8l)

    PDL-3000R-16
    PDL-3000R-32
    PDL-3000R-128


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    Metallographic testing and Material Science failure analysis and quality control testing are used in industries that require produce reliability such as:

    Metallurgical Testing Industries using Metallographic Analysis

    Industries Metallographic Applications
    Aerospace
    Advanced Materials
    Superalloys
    Ceramic Matrix Composites
    Metal Matrix Composites
    Polymer Matrix Composites
    Biomedical Devices
    Medical Implants
    Materials Science Education
    Metallurgical Engineering
    Mechanical Engineering
    Aerospace Engineering
    Electronics
    Solder Joint analysis
    Integrated IC chip failure analysis
    Printed Circuit board quality control
    Printed Circuit board failure analysis
    Dielectric layer coating analysis
    Automotive
    Heat Treating
    Metal Fabrication
    Forging
    Castings
    Thermal Spray
    Welding
    Powder Metallurgy
    Deep Drawing
    Fastener Testing
    Mining Metallurgical Testing Labs
    Grain Size Analysis
    ASTM E112
    Porosity
    ASTM A276
    Phase Analysis
    ASTM E566
    ASTM E1245
    Inclusions
    ASTM E454
    ASTM E1245
    Graphite Nodularity
    ASTM A247
    Coating Thickness
    ASTM B487
    Decarburization
    ASTM E1077
    Welding Analysis
    HAZ Sensitization
    Twin Boundaries
    Cracks
    Dendrites
    Corrosion
    Carburizing thickness
    Nitriding thickness
    Intergranular fracture
    Weld sensitization
    Flow line stress
    Microhardness testing
    Rockwell hardness testing
    Superficial hardness testing

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    PACE TECHNOLOGIES CONTACT


    PACE Technologies
    3601 E. 34th St.
    Tucson, Arizona 85713
    +1-520-882-6598
    FAX +1-520-882-6599
    email: pace@metallographic.com
    www.metallographic.com


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    Metallographic
    Consumables

    Brochures:

    For online
    ordering
    click here
    Online Ordering
    Abrasive Blades
    Diamond Blades
    Compression Mounting
    Castable Mounting
    Polishing Pads
    Lapping Films
    Diamond Disks
    Composite Disks
    Polycrystalline Diamond
    Monocrystalline Diamond
    Final Polishing Abrasives
    Etchants
    Consumables Catalog



    Metallographic
    Equipment

    Brochures:

    For specific
    equipment quotes
    click here
    Quotes
    Abrasive Cutters
    Precision Wafering Saws
    Compression Mounting Presses
    Castable Vacuum Chamber
    Manual Roll and Belt Grinders
    Polishing Machines
    Automated Polishing Heads
    Vibratory Polisher



    Metallographic
    Analysis
    Brochures:

    For specific
    instrument quotes
    click here
    Quotes

    Microscopes
    Microhardness Testers
    Rockwell Hardness Testers
    Brinell Hardness Testers
    MacroVickers Hardness Tester
    Image Analysis



    Laboratory
    Furniture
    Brochures:

    For specific
    items quotes
    click here
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    Lab Benches
    Microscope Benches
    Fume Hood
    Safety Cabinets
    Specimen Storage Cabinet

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    PACE Technologies ® - 3601 E. 34th St., Tucson, AZ 85713, USA
    Telephone +1 520-882-6598 FAX +1 520-882-6599
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